The ICPS focuses its activities on children in need of care and protection, and juveniles in conflict with law and those children in contact with the law. The ICPS also provides preventive, statutory and care and rehabilitation services to any other vulnerable child including, but not limited, to: children of potentially vulnerable families and families at risk, children of socially excluded groups like migrant families, families living in extreme poverty, scheduled castes, scheduled tribes and other backward classes, families subjected to or affected by discrimination, minorities, children infected and/or affected by HIV/AIDS, orphans, child drug abusers, children of substance abusers, child beggars, trafficked or sexually exploited children, children of prisoners, and street and working children.
Childline is a 24 hour emergency phone outreach service which can be accessed by children in distress especially children in need of care and protection. It is a programme of the Ministry of Women and Child Development being implemented by Mumbai-based Childline India Foundation. The service assists to protect children by helping to rescue them from abuse and exploitative situations, direct them to shelters, medical services, counselling, and repatriation and rehabilitation services.
The service can be accessed by children in difficulty or by adults on their behalf by dialling 1098. Established by the Government of India in 1999, it is presently operational in 83 cities across the country. The main objective of the service is to respond to children in emergency situations and refer them to relevant governmental and non-governmental organisations for long-term follow-up care and rehabilitation. It helps in the networking amongst government and non-government agencies in the area of child welfare and strengthening of support services such as hospitals, police, railways etc. for rehabilitation of children.
At present Childline is operational in 14 districts of the State including Jaipur, Jodhpur, Tonk, Ajmer, Sawai Madhopur, Jaisalmer, Udaipur, Kota, Alwar, Bikaner, Bharatpur, Dungarpur, Barmer and Bhilwara.
Implementation of JJ Act 2000
The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 and Amendment Act, 2006:
It is a comprehensive legislation to provide justice and opportunities for the growth and development to children. The Act is based upon the provisions of the Indian Constitution and four principle rights of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.
It is an Act to consolidate and amend the law relating to juveniles in conflict with law and children in need of care and protection, by providing for proper care, protection and treatment by catering to their development needs, and by adopting a child-friendly approach in the adjudication and disposition of matters in the best interest of children and for their ultimate rehabilitation.
The Act conforms to the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, the UN Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice (The Beijing Rules), 1985, the UN Rules for the Protection of Juvenile Deprived for their Liberty, 1990 and all other relevant national and international instruments. It also prescribes a uniform age of 18 years below which both boys and girls are to be treated as children. One of the most important salient features of the Act is that it protects the rights of the person in case the incident occurred when he/she was a child and during the proceedings the person ceases to be a child or in other words attains the age of 18 years.
A clear distinction has been made in this Act between the juvenile offender and neglected child. It aims at providing increased accessibility to justice and opportunities to both categories of children by establishing Juvenile Justice Boards and Child Welfare Committees and various categories of homes including observation homes and special homes for juvenile in conflict with law and children’s home and shelter homes for children in need for care and protection. The Act has also created a legal, rehabilitation and social reintegration package through family-based non-institutional care like adoption, foster care, sponsorship, and after care.
The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 was amended in 2006. The amendments were brought in to make the earlier Act more comprehensive and augment its implementation in the country. The amendments are mainly concerned with the title, definitions, omission of certain expressions, time stipulation for constitution of Juvenile Justice Boards and Child Welfare Committees, claim of juvenility, procedures of handling the cases of children in need of care and protection and juveniles in conflict with law. The amended Act for the first time clearly provides a definition of ‘adoption’ and has widened the scope of children in need of care and protection by including child beggars and street and working children in this category. The Act enjoins upon the State to establish a Juvenile Justice Board, Child Welfare Committee and a Special Juvenile Police Unit in every District of the State. In order to address the issue of delays in the resolution of cases of juveniles, the Act prescribes that the Chief Judicial Magistrate or the Chief Metropolitan Magistrate shall review delays in cases before the Board at every six months, and shall direct the Board to increase the frequency of its sittings or may cause the constitution of additional Boards. It emphasises adoption of child-friendly procedures while dealing with cases of juveniles. The Act directs that no report in any newspaper, magazine, news-sheet or visual media of any inquiry regarding a juvenile in conflict with law or a child in need of care and protection under this Act shall disclose the name, address or school, photo or any other particulars calculated to lead to the identification of the juvenile or child.
The Government of Rajasthan has notify Rajasthan Juvenile Justice (Care & Protection of Children) Rule 2011on May 11, 2011 to fulfill all important feature of the Act and providing for proper care, protection and treatment by catering to their development needs, and by adopting a child-friendly approach in the adjudication and disposition of matters in the best interest of children and for their ultimate rehabilitation. Several Institutional Home and Legislative bodies constituted for children of need, care & protection and children/juvenile in conflict with Law are as following-
Child Welfare Committee- List of Child Welfare Committee under Section 29
Juvenile Justice Board- List of Juvenile Justice Board under Section 4
Constitution of Special Juvenile Police Unit under Section 63
Constitution of District Level Inspection Committee under Section 35
Constitution of Home Management Committee
Constitution of Children Committee under
List of Government Children Home under Section 34
List of Non Government Organization (Added and non added) running Children Home under Section 34
List of Government Observation Home under Section 8
List of Government Special Home under Section 9
List of NGO running Open Shelter under Section 37
List of Specialized Adoption Agencies (Government and Non Government) under Section 41